OBJECTIVES: To compare defect sizes in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) measured by postnatal ultrasound (US) between neonates who underwent thoracoscopic surgery and neonates who underwent open surgery and between neonates who underwent primary repair and those who underwent patch repair; additionally, to compare the accuracy of US diagnosis with that of surgical diagnosis for the location of the diaphragmatic hernia and the hernial contents.
METHODS: We included 8 neonates who underwent preoperative US evaluations of CDH. We compared anterior-to-posterior diaphragm defect sizes between thoracoscopic and open surgery approaches and between primary and patch repair by using the Mann-Whitney U test. The diaphragm was divided into 3 segments: anterior, lateral, and posterior. We evaluated the location of the diaphragmatic hernia and the hernial contents.
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