Pediatr Surg Int. 2019 Aug 14. doi: 10.1007/s00383-019-04543-9. [Epub ahead of print]
A new approach using image analysis to assess pulmonary hypoplasia in the fetal lamb diaphragmatichernia model.
1Division of Pediatric Surgery, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1, Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 2168511, Japan. firstname.lastname@example.orgDivision of Pediatric Surgery, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1, Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 2168511, Japan.3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand.
In congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), there is pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) and also pulmonary vascular and bronchial abnormalities. Few studies have investigated bronchial maldevelopment in CDH. We evaluated bronchial area (BA) by bronchography in a fetal lamb DH model to develop a measure of PH.
We created DH in fetal lambs at 75 days gestation, delivering by cesarean section and killing them at term (DH, n = 12). Normal term fetuses provided controls (C, n = 5). We measured total lung volume (TLV) and performed barium bronchography. Using image analysis, BA, total lung area (TLA) and bronchial area/lung area ratio (B/L ratio) were calculated. Student’s T test (p < 0.05; significant) and Spearman’s correlation coefficient were performed.
TLV (ml) was 133.3 ± 41.2 in DH and 326 ± 22.5 in C (p = 0.0000001). TLA (cm2) was 78.8 ± 17.4 in DH and 107.1 ± 10.3 in C (p = 0.006). BA (cm2) was 39.6 ± 11.9 in DH and 52.2 ± 7.7 in C (p = 0.019). The B/L ratio was 0.45 ± 0.06 in DH and 0.49 ± 0.05 in C (p = 0.28). There are correlations in DH between TLV and TLA (r = 0.79), TLV and BA (r = 0.73) and in C between TLV and TLA (r = 0.97) and TLV and BA (r = 0.67).
It may be possible to assess PH on fetal MRI, given the correlation between TLV and TLA, and TLV and BA.
Bronchial abnormalities; CDH; Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Image analysis; Pulmonary hypoplasiaPMID: 31414171 DOI: 10.1007/s00383-019-04543-9