Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Sep;98(39):e17337. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000017337.
Bochdalek hernia with Diamond-Blackfan anemia associated with RPS19 gene mutation: A case report.
1Department of Pediatrics, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju.2Department of Pediatrics, Cha Bundang Medical Center, Cha University, Seongnam, Korea.
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare inherited marrow disorder, characterized by erythrocyte aplasia and is associated with congenital anomalies and a susceptibility to cancer. Although congenital abnormalities have been observed in ∼50% of DBA patients, the occurrence of an associated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has rarely been reported.
A 19-month-old male child was referred to our pediatric hematology-oncology outpatient clinic with anemic appearance. He presented to us with recurrent anemia, short stature, and developmental delay.
On bone marrow examination, only erythropoietic cells were markedly decreased in number, whereas other cell lines were unaffected. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a Bochdalek type of CDH. A genetic analysis revealed heterozygous mutation of RPS19; therefore, he was diagnosed as having DBA with CDH.
The patient received an initial packed red blood cell transfusion, followed by an administration of oral prednisone.
The patient is maintained on oral prednisone administered at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg every alternate day and has since a hemoglobin level of >9.0 g/dL without further RBC transfusions.
We learned that a Bochdalek type of CDH can manifest in a DBA patient with RPS19 gene mutation. Therefore, patients diagnosed with the latter disorder should also be screened for an early detection of potential CDHs.PMID: 31574871 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000017337[Indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article