Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a disease with varying degrees of severity, from severe cases found prenatally who need fetal surgery to mild cases found after birth who undergo elective treatment. Regarding the repair of the diaphragm, thoracic and abdominal techniques through both open and minimally invasive approaches are available. In neonate cases, thoracoscopic repair is recommended because of the ease and safety for moving the organs from the thoracic cavity to the abdominal cavity.1 However, applicable cases of endoscopic surgery is limited because of the varying degrees of severity. Pediatric surgeons, therefore, do not have the opportunity to perform many cases of thoracoscopic repair of CDH, which can reduce their readiness and familiarity with the procedure. We developed a training simulator of neonatal CDH that can reproduce patient-specific anatomical conditions.
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