Pediatr Surg Int
. 2022 Dec 29;39(1):69.
doi: 10.1007/s00383-022-05354-1. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36580203/
Isolated aortic arch anomalies are associated with defect severity and outcome in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Vikas S Gupta 1, Elizabeth C Popp 1, Ashley H Ebanks 1, Christopher E Greenleaf 2, Vidhya Annavajjhala 3, Neil Patel 4, Daniel K Robie 5, Damien J LaPar 2, Kevin P Lally 1, Matthew T Harting 6; Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group
- PMID: 36580203
- DOI: 10.1007/s00383-022-05354-1
Purpose: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients often have suspected isolated aortic arch anomalies (IAAA) on imaging. The purpose of this work was to describe the incidence and outcomes of CDH + IAAA patients.
Methods: Cardiovascular data were collected for infants from the CDH Study Group born between 2007 and 2019. IAAA were defined as coarctation of aorta, hypoplastic aortic arch, interrupted aortic arch, and aortic aneurysmal disease on early, postnatal echocardiography. Patients with major cardiac malformations and/or chromosomal abnormalities were excluded. Primary outcomes included the rate of aortic intervention, rates of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) utilization, and mortality.
Results: Of 6357 CDH infants, 432 (7%) were diagnosed with a thoracic aortic anomaly. Of these, 165 were diagnosed with IAAA, most commonly coarctation of the aorta (n = 106; 64%) or hypoplastic aortic arch (n = 58; 35%). CDH + IAAA patients had lower birthweights (3 kg vs. 2.9 kg) and Apgar scores (7 vs. 6) than patients without IAAA (both χ2 p < 0.001). CDH + IAAA were less likely to undergo diaphragm repair (72 vs. 87%, p < 0.001), and overall mortality was higher for CDH + IAAA infants (58 vs. 24%, p < 0.001). When controlling for defect size, birth weight, and Apgar, IAAA were significantly associated with mortality (OR 3.3, 95% CI 2.2-5.0; p < 0.01) but not associated with ECLS (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.65-1.50; p = 0.90). Only 17% (n = 28) of CDH + IAAA patients underwent aortic intervention.
Conclusions: IAAA in CDH are associated with increased mortality. This often simply reflects severity of the defect and thoracic anatomic derangement, as opposed to unique aortic pathology, given few CDH + IAAA patients undergo aortic intervention.
Keywords: Aortic anomalies; CDH study group; Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Registry; Vascular malformation.
© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.