BJS Open. 2019 Jan 31;3(3):305-313. doi: 10.1002/bjs5.50135. eCollection 2019 Jun.
One-year outcomes for congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenitalanomaly with high mortality and long-term morbidity. The aim of this study was to benchmark trends in 1-year and hospital volume outcomes for this condition.
This study included all infants born with CDH in England between 2003 and 2016. This was a retrospective analysis of the Hospital Episode Statistics database. The main outcomes were: 1-year mortality, neonatal length of hospital stay (nLOS), total bed-days at 1 year and readmission rate. The association between hospital volume and outcomes was assessed for specialist paediatric surgery centres.
A total of 2336 infants were included (incidence 2·5 per 10 000 live births). No significant time trends were found in incidence and main outcomes. Some 1491 infants (63·8 per cent) underwent surgical repair. The 1-year mortality rate was 31·2 per cent. Median nLOS and total bed-days were 17 and 19 days respectively. The readmission rate in specialist paediatric centres was 6·3 per cent. Higher mortality was associated with birthweight lower than 1 kg (OR 5·90, 95 per cent c.i. 1·03 to 33·75), gestational age of 36 weeks or less (OR 1·75, 1·12 to 2·75) and black ethnicity (OR 2·13, 1·03 to 4·48). Only 4·0 per cent had extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, which was associated with higher mortality (OR 5·34, 3·01 to 9·46), longer nLOS (OR 3·70, 2·14 to 6·14) and longer total bed-days (OR 3·87, 2·19 to 6·83). Specialist paediatric centres showed variation in 30-day mortality (4·6 per cent with 84 per cent coefficient of variation), nLOS (median 25 (i.q.r. 15-42) days) and total bed-days (median 28 (i.q.r. 16-51) days), but no significant volume-outcome relationship.
Key outcomes for CDH were similar to those of other developed countries. High variation among specialist paediatric centres was found and should be investigated further to explore the value of regionalization of care.PMID: 31183446 PMCID: PMC6551417 DOI: 10.1002/bjs5.50135Free PMC Article