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RESEARCH: Requirement and Duration of Tube Feed Supplementation among Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Patients.

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RESEARCH: Requirement and Duration of Tube Feed Supplementation among Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Patients.

 2019 Jan 31. pii: S0022-3468(19)30054-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.01.017. [Epub ahead of print]
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30773392

Requirement and Duration of Tube Feed Supplementation among Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Patients.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Oral feeds pose a challenge for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) infants. Tube feed (TF) supplementation may be required to support the achievement of normal growth. The aim of this study was to determine the duration and factors associated with TF use in CDH infants at our institution.

METHODS:

A single centre retrospective chart review was performed for CDH-born infants who underwent repair between 2000 to 2013 (REB #1000053124). Patient demographics, perinatal management, and feeding status of infants with at least 1-year follow-up were reviewed.

RESULTS:

Of 160 CDH infants, 32 (20%) were discharged on partial or complete TF, and an additional 5 (3.1%) patients started TF post discharge. CDH infants with TF were more likely to have initial arterial blood pH < 7.25, patch repair, ECMO support, and prolonged ICU stay (p < 0.05). Time to TF discontinuation did not differ significantly between those partially or fully TF at discharge. Twelve patients (33.3%) remained TF at their last known follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

High risk CDH patients are likely to require TF to support their nutritional intake. Parents and caregivers need to be informed and properly supported. Long-term monitoring of CDH patient oral intake, growth, and development will be required.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE/TYPE OF STUDY:

Level III Retrospective Study.

KEYWORDS:

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Gastrostomy; Morbidity; Nutrition; Tube feeding

PMID:  30773392
DOI:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.01.017

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