Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019 Jul 14. doi: 10.1007/5584_2019_416. [Epub ahead of print]
Transamniotic Stem Cell Therapy.
Transamniotic stem cell therapy (TRASCET) is a novel prenatal therapeutic alternative for the treatment of congenital anomalies. It is based upon the principle of augmenting the pre-existing biological role of select populations of fetal stem cells for targeted therapeutic benefit. For example, amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (afMSCs) play an integral role in fetal tissue repair, validating the use of afMSCs in regenerative strategies. The simple intra-amniotic delivery of these cells in expanded numbers via TRASCET has been shown to promote the repair of and/or significantly ameliorate the effects associated with major congenital anomalies such as neural tube and abdominal wall defects. For example, TRASCET can induce partial or complete coverage of experimental spina bifida through the formation of a host-derived rudimentary neoskin, thus protecting the spinal cord from further damage secondary to amniotic fluid exposure. Furthermore, TRASCET can significantly reduce the bowel inflammation associated with gastroschisis, a common major abdominal wall defect. After intra-amniotic injection, donor stem cells home to the placenta and the fetal bone marrow in the spina bifida model, suggesting a role for hematogenous cell routing rather than direct defect seeding. Therefore, the expansion of TRASCET to congenital diseases without amniotic fluid exposure, such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia, as well as to maternal diseases, is currently under investigation in this emerging and evolving field of fetal stem cell therapy.
Amniotic mesenchymal stem cell; Amniotic neural stem cell; Amniotic stem cell; Fetal cell therapy; Fetal stem cell; TRASCET; Transamniotic stem cell therapyPMID: 31302870 DOI: 10.1007/5584_2019_416