Management of CDH is highly variable from center to center, as are patient outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine risk-stratified survival and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) rates at a single center, and to determine whether adverse outcomes are related to patient characteristics or management.
A retrospective single-center review of CDH patients was performed, and outcomes compared to those reported by the CDH Study Group (CDHSG) registry. Patient demographics, disparities, and clinical characteristics were examined to identify unique features of the cohort. A model derived using the registry that estimates probability of ECMO use or death in CDH newborns was used to risk-stratify patients and assess mortality rates. Observed over expected (O/E) ECMO use rates were calculated to measure whether “excess” or “appropriate” ECMO use was occurring.
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