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Research: A novel approach for the treatment of Morgagni hernias: robotic transabdominal preperitoneal diaphragmatic hernia repair

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Research: A novel approach for the treatment of Morgagni hernias: robotic transabdominal preperitoneal diaphragmatic hernia repair

Hernia

. 2022 Feb;26(1):355-361. doi: 10.1007/s10029-021-02472-y. Epub 2021 Sep 7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34494141/

A novel approach for the treatment of Morgagni hernias: robotic transabdominal preperitoneal diaphragmatic hernia repair

N Sioda 1S Liu 2C Janowski 2A Gamble 2C Abdo 3A Wakim 4C Ballecer 5Affiliations expand

Abstract

Purpose: We introduce a novel approach to the surgical repair of Morgagni hernias (MHs) utilizing the robotic transabdominal preperitoneal repair (rTAPP) approach. Borrowed from our previous and robust experience with rTAPP repairs for hernias of the anterior abdominal wall, this technique boasts the benefits of hernia sac reduction, the use of an uncoated mesh in an extraperitoneal plane, and minimal fixation leading to lower postoperative pain relative to other approaches.

Methods: To evaluate the effectiveness of this novel approach, five consecutive symptomatic Morgagni hernias (MHs) were repaired with the rTAPP approach. The size of the defect, mesh size, length of stay, follow-up imaging, and follow-up complications were documented for comparison.

Results: The size of the MH defects ranged from 4 × 6 cm to 5 × 10 cm. LOS was an average of 1.2 days. Two out of the five patients underwent concomitant repair of a lower abdominal hernias (one Spigelian hernia, and one indirect inguinal hernia). Outpatient follow-up from surgery ranged anywhere from 6 months to 4 years, with most patients receiving follow-up after 1 year. Four out of the five patients received follow-up CT scans to confirm the absence of hernia recurrence. One patient experienced an incisional hernia from the midline 12-mm port site which was repaired 1 year after.

Conclusion: We propose a new technique for a minimally invasive strategy to treat these complex hernias utilizing an rTAPP technique resulting in minimal length of stay and a durable result in long-term follow-up. The benefits of repair, which include minimal postoperative pain, minimal length of stay, and cost-effective prosthetic mesh hidden from the visceral contents, are consistent with the author’s experience for rTAPP repairs for hernias of the anterior abdominal wall.

Keywords: Morgagni hernia; Robotic hernia repair; Robotic transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair (rTAPP).

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