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Research: Acquired Morgagni hernia following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) with successful robotic repair of hernia

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Research: Acquired Morgagni hernia following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) with successful robotic repair of hernia

Int J Surg Case Rep

. 2022 May;94:107164.

 doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2022.107164. Epub 2022 May 4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35658316/

Acquired Morgagni hernia following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) with successful robotic repair of hernia

Steven A Tamesis 1Shahin Ayazi 2Yoshihiro Komatsu 3Meghan Allen 1Blair A Jobe 3

Affiliations expand

Free PMC article

Abstract

Introduction and importance: Morgagni hernia is an uncommon type of diaphragmatic hernia and commonly presents as a congenital disease. Acquired Morgagni hernias following open cardiac surgery are exceedingly rare and only reported in the pediatric population.

Case presentation: The patient is a 70-year-old female who presented with complaints of shortness of breath and cough one year following a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). A chest CT scan showed a large Morgagni type diaphragmatic hernia with herniated transverse colon occupying the anterior mediastinum as well as the right hemi-thorax. This hernia was successfully repaired using transabdominal robotic approach with complete resolution of patient’s symptoms.

Clinical discussion: This is the first reported case of acquired Morgagni type diaphragmatic hernia in an adult following open cardiac surgery. The potential etiologies for this hernia include distal extension of the median sternotomy and involvement of the anterior diaphragm, iatrogenic injury to the attenuated anterior diaphragm during pericardial window creation, or pericardial drain placement. Operative repair is the mainstay of treatment and is usually performed with a transabdominal approach since it is thought to be less challenging and allows for evaluation of the entire abdominal cavity. If primary repair cannot be achieved, then synthetic mesh may be needed to obtain a tension free and durable repair.

Conclusion: We present a case of acquired Morgagni type diaphragmatic hernia in an adult following open cardiac surgery that was successfully repaired using a transabdominal robotic approach.

Keywords: Diaphragmatic hernia; Mesh; Morgagni hernia; Robotic surgery.

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