Pediatr Surg Int
. 2023 Sep 17;39(1):273.
doi: 10.1007/s00383-023-05553-4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37718339/
Analysis of factors associated with undescended testis in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia
- PMID: 37718339
- DOI: 10.1007/s00383-023-05553-4
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the incidence and clinical factors associated with undescended testes (UDT) in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the incidence of UDT in male neonates admitted to our institution and underwent surgery for CDH between January 2006 and December 2022. Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of UDT, and risk factors for UDT were compared between the two groups.
Results: Among the 66 male neonates with CDH, 16 (24.2%) developed UDT. Patients with UDT had a significantly smaller gestational age (p = 0.026), lower birth weight (p = 0.042), and lower Apgar score at 1 min (p = 0.016) than those without UDT. They had a significantly higher incidence of large diaphragmatic defects (p = 0.005), received more patch closures (p = 0.020), had a longer mechanical ventilation period (p = 0.034), and longer hospital stay (p = 0.028). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that large diaphragmatic defect was an independent risk factor for UDT (adjusted odds ratio of 3.87).
Conclusion: CDH and UDT are strongly correlated. In patients with CDH, the incidence of UDT was related not only to patients’ prematurity but also to the large diaphragmatic defect. Large diaphragmatic defect is an independent risk factor for UDT in patients with CDH.
Keywords: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Intra-abdominal pressure; Orchidopexy; Undescended testis.
© 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.