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Research: Bilateral Congenital Diaphragm Agenesis in a Neonate with Hydrocephalus: Case Report

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Research: Bilateral Congenital Diaphragm Agenesis in a Neonate with Hydrocephalus: Case Report

 Eur J Radiol Open

. 2020 Sep 17;7:100270. doi: 10.1016/j.ejro.2020.100270. eCollection 2020. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32995385/

Bilateral Congenital Diaphragm Agenesis in a Neonate with Hydrocephalus: Case Report

Liqa A Rousan 1Bayan Al-Nussair 1Heba Al Qudah 1Ziad A Bataineh 2Affiliations expand

Free PMC article

Abstract

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is one of the most common anomalies in neonates. Diaphragmatic agenesis (DA) is rare and is considered at the extreme spectrum of CDH, it is associated with a higher rate of multiple anomalies. A male neonate with antenatal diagnosis of CDH and hydrocephalus was born at estimated gestational age of 36 + 4 weeks by emergency Caesarean section due to fetal distress. Chest x-ray showed a common pleuroperitoneal cavity with the liver, spleen, and stomach seen in the thoracic cavity suggesting the diagnosis of bilateral absence of the diaphragm, the neonate died after an hour and a half. DA associated with hydrocephalus has never been previously reported in the literature.

Keywords: congenital diaphragm hernia; diaphragm agenesis; hydrocephalus; neonates.

© 2020 The Author(s).

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