. 2022 Sep 19.
doi: 10.1111/vox.13363. Online ahead of print. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36121192/
Blood transfusion is associated with increased mortality for neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support
- PMID: 36121192
- DOI: 10.1111/vox.13363
Background and objectives: Blood transfusion is frequently needed to maintain adequate haemostasis and improve oxygenation for patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). It is more so for neonates with immature coagulation systems who require surgical intervention such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair. There is growing evidence suggesting an association between blood transfusions and increased mortality. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of blood transfusions during the peri-operative period of CDH repair, among other clinical parameters, with mortality in neonates undergoing on-ECMO CDH repair.
Materials and methods: We performed a single centre retrospective chart review of all neonates with CDH undergoing on-ECMO surgical repair from January 2010 to December 2020. Logistic regression was used to investigate associations with survival status.
Results: Sixty-two patients met the inclusion criteria. Platelet transfusions (odds ratio [OR] 1.42, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06-1.90) in the post-operative period and ECMO duration (OR 1.17, 95% CI: 1.05-1.30) were associated with increased mortality. Major bleeding complications had the strongest association with mortality (OR 10.98, 95% CI: 3.27-36.91). Gestational age, birth weight, Apgar scores, sex, blood type, right versus left CDH, venovenous versus venoarterial ECMO and duration of ECMO before CDH repair and circuit change after adjusting for ECMO duration were not significantly associated with survival.
Conclusion: Platelet transfusion in the post-operative period and major bleeding are associated with increased mortality in CDH neonates with surgical repair. The data suggest a need to develop robust plans for monitoring and preventing coagulation aberrancies during neonatal ECMO support.
Keywords: CDH; ECMO; blood transfusion; haemorrhage; mortality.
© 2022 International Society of Blood Transfusion.