. 2023 Sep 26;13(1):16136.
doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-42344-2. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37752154/
Comparison of conventional mechanical ventilation and high-frequency oscillatory ventilation in congenital diaphragmatic hernias: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Free PMC article
Outcomes of conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) and high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) were compared through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Outcome measures included mortality and incidence of chronic lung disease (CLD). Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were evaluated. Subgroup analyses were performed according to the strategy for applying HFOV in CDH patients. Group A: CMV was initially applied in all CDH patients, and HFOV was applied in unstable patients. Group B: chronologically analyzed. (CMV and HFOV era) Group C: CMV or HFOV was used as the initial MV. Of the 2199 abstracts screened, 15 full-text articles were analyzed. Regarding mortality, 16.7% (365/2180) and 32.8% (456/1389) patients died in CMV and HFOV, respectively (OR, 2.53; 95%CI 2.12-3.01). Subgroup analyses showed significantly worse, better, and equivalent mortality for HFOV than that for CMV in group A, B, and C, respectively. CLD occurred in 32.4% (399/1230) and 49.3% (369/749) patients in CMV and HFOV, respectively (OR, 2.37; 95%CI 1.93-2.90). The evidence from the literature is poor. Mortality and the incidence of CLD appear worse after HFOV in children with CDH. Cautious interpretation is needed due to the heterogeneity of each study.
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