Research: Congenital Chest Lesions and Interventions

Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am

. 2024 Aug;32(3):553-571.

 doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2024.03.006. Epub 2024 Apr 23.

Congenital Chest Lesions and Interventions

M Alejandra Bedoya 1Pamela Ketwaroo 2Marie-Helene Gagnon 3Susan Taylor 3Christabell Ndibe 3Amy R Mehollin-Ray 4

Affiliations expand


Anomalies of the fetal chest require advanced imaging with ultrasound and MR imaging as well as expertise on the part of the interpreting pediatric radiologist. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and congenital lung malformation are the most frequently seen, and in both conditions, the radiologist should provide both detailed anatomic description and measurement data for prognostication. This article provides a detailed approach to imaging the anatomy, in-depth explanation of available measurements and prognostic value, and keys to identifying candidates for fetal intervention. Less common congenital lung tumors and mediastinal and chest wall masses are also reviewed.

Keywords: Bronchial atresia; Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation; Congenital lung malformation; Diaphragmatic hernia; Pleuropulmonary blastoma; Sequestration; Teratoma.

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