Research: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Pediatr Radiol

. 2020 Dec;50(13):1855-1871. doi: 10.1007/s00247-020-04718-w. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Amy R Mehollin-Ray 1Affiliations expand


Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a potentially severe anomaly that should be referred to a fetal care center with expertise in multidisciplinary evaluation and management. The pediatric radiologist plays an important role in the evaluation of CDH, both in terms of anatomical description of the anomaly and in providing detailed prognostic information for use in caring for the fetus and pregnant mother as well as planning for delivery and postnatal care. This article reviews the types of hernias, including distinguishing features and imaging clues. The most common methods of predicting severity are covered, and current fetal and postnatal therapies are explained. The author of this paper provides a handy reference for pediatric radiologists presented with a case of CDH as part of their daily practice.

Keywords: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Diaphragm; Fetus; Hernia; Lung volume; Magnetic resonance imaging; Ultrasound.

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