Research: Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Core Review and Novel Updates

Neonatal Netw

. 2021 Aug 1;40(5):305-312. doi: 10.1891/11-T-701.

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Core Review and Novel Updates

Susannah Reed-McCulloughAmy J Jnah


Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a developmental defect in the diaphragm that allows abdominal viscera to herniate into the thoracic cavity. Pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension are consequences of this disease process. The incidence is approximately 2.4-4.1/10,000 births, and survival rate is estimated at 70-90 percent. To avoid potentially devastating delays in care, it is crucial that neonatal nurses and care providers in both tertiary and nontertiary care centers be familiar with the pathogenesis of CDH and the standard of care for initial stabilization of the neonate. Novel fetal and postnatal surgical repair techniques are also described here.

Keywords: Bochdalek; CDH; FETO; congenital diaphragmatic hernia; neonate; pulmonary hypertension; pulmonary hypoplasia.

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