Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim
. 2023 Feb;51(1):69-71.
doi: 10.5152/TJAR.2023.21591. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36847323/
Continuous Erector Spinae Plane Block in Paediatric VATS: A Case Series
- PMID: 36847323
- DOI: 10.5152/TJAR.2023.21591
Decortication and stripping of infected pleura by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery or thoracotomy is the treatment of choice in cases of empyema. The stripping is associated with intense post-operative pain. Erector spinae block is an excellent and safe alternative to thoracic epidural block. The experience in paediatric erector spinae plane block is very limited. We present our experience of continuous erector spinae block and one single-shot erector spinae plane block in paediatric video-assisted thoracoscopic surgeries. We had 5 patients aged 2-8 years with right-sided empyema, who were taken up for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery decortication, and 2 patients aged 1-4 years with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery CDH repair. After induction and intubation, using high-frequency straight ultrasound probe, an erector spinae plane catheter was inserted and the local anaesthetic agent was administered. The patients were monitored for signs of effective analgesia. Post-extubation continuous erector spinae plane block was continued for 48 hours using bupivacaine and fentanyl. All patients had excellent postoperative analgesia for more than 48 hours. There were no side effects like motor block, nausea, vomiting, or respiratory depression. Continuous erector spinae plane block provides excellent analgesia in paediatric patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, causing minimal side effects. Further, a prospective randomized control trial is suggested to establish the efficacy of this block in paediatric video-assisted thoracoscopic surgeries.