Research: Continuous Telemetric In Utero Tracheal Pressure Measurements in Fetal Lambs

J Vis Exp

. 2023 Dec 22:(202).

 doi: 10.3791/64767.

Continuous Telemetric In Utero Tracheal Pressure Measurements in Fetal Lambs

Mar Janna Dahl 1Stefano Robbiani 2Chiara Veneroni 2Anna Lavizzari 3Sebastian Amos 4Gabrielle C Musk 5Helen Kershaw 6Jonathan W Davis 7Fabio Mosca 3Peter B Noble 4Raffaele Dellacà # 2J Jane Pillow # 8

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Normal in utero lung development and growth rely upon the expansion of airspaces and the controlled efflux of lung liquid into the amniotic space. Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) also have lung hypoplasia due to occupation of the chest cavity by the stomach and bowel and, in the most severe cases, the liver. Balloon tracheal occlusion reduces the severity of lung hypoplasia in fetuses with CDH but increases the risk of premature birth. Understanding the optimal occlusion pressure and duration required to improve lung hypoplasia with tracheal occlusion is essential to improving in utero corrective treatments for CDH. The study reports a new method for continuous measurement of the intratracheal and amniotic pressures in an unoccluded and occluded fetal lamb surgical model of CDH. Time-pregnant Merino ewes underwent two recovery hysterotomies: the first at ~80 days of gestation to create the CDH, and the second at ~101 days of gestation to occlude the fetal trachea and implant an intratracheal and amniotic pressure measurement device. Lambs were delivered at ~142 days, and the pressure measurement device was removed and cleaned. The data were downloaded and filtered using a 6 h window. Transrespiratory pressure was calculated.

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