. 2021 Oct 18;S1875-9572(21)00202-3. doi: 10.1016/j.pedneo.2021.08.015. Online ahead of print.
Cost-effectiveness analysis of extended extracorporeal membrane oxygenation duration in newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia in the United States
Hanke Zheng 1, Cynthia Gong 2, Rachel Chapman 3, Leah Yieh 3, Philippe Friedlich 3, Joel W Hay 4 Affiliations expand https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34742677/
- PMID: 34742677
- DOI: 10.1016/j.pedneo.2021.08.015
Background: The duration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been historically confined in many centers to two weeks. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of additional weeks on ECMO beyond two weeks for newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) who may require longer stays to maximize survival potential.
Methods: We modeled lifetime outcomes using a decision tree from the US societal perspective. Survival at discharge, probability of long-term sequelae, direct medical costs, indirect costs, and quality-adjusted life years (QALY) for long-term disability were considered. Considering the nature of severity of CDH, we used $200,000 per QALY as the willingness-to-pay threshold in the base case.
Results: The lifetime costs per CDH infant generated from staying on ECMO for ≤2 weeks, 2-3 weeks, and >3 weeks are $473,334, $654,771, $1,007,476, respectively (2018 USD), and the total QALYs gained from each treatment arm are 1.83, 3.6, and 5.05. In the base case, the net monetary benefits are -$108,034 for ECMO ≤2 weeks, $64,258 for 2-3 weeks, and $2955 for >3 weeks. In probabilistic simulations, a duration of ≤2 weeks is dominated by a duration of 2-3 weeks in 65.3% of cases and dominated by > 3 weeks in 60.2% of cases. A duration of 2-3 weeks is more cost-effective than >3 weeks in 68.6% of simulations.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that 2-3 weeks of ECMO may be the most cost-effective for CDH infants that are unable to wean off at 2 weeks from the US societal perspective. Regardless of ECMO duration, ECMO use generates positive incremental NMB at WTP of $200,000 if the survival probability is greater than 0.3. Future research must be conducted to evaluate the long-term outcomes and sequelae of CDH patients post-discharge to better inform the clinical decision-making in neonatal intensive care unit.
Keywords: ECMO extracorporealmembrane oxygenation; congenital diaphragmatic hernia; congenitalabnormalities; cost effectiveness.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.