Research: Delayed Right Diaphragmatic Hernia With Chilaiditi Syndrome: A Case Report


. 2023 Jul 5;15(7):e41420.

 doi: 10.7759/cureus.41420. eCollection 2023 Jul.

Delayed Right Diaphragmatic Hernia With Chilaiditi Syndrome: A Case Report

Bayley Richardson 1Leigh Hickham 2Shane Harper 3Basem Soliman 3

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Diaphragmatic hernias can be congenital or acquired and manifest as a defect thus allowing abdominal contents to protrude into the thorax through the defect. Common presentations and symptoms can include shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Rarely colon or small bowel is interposed between the liver and the diaphragm, Chilaiditi sign. When the Chilaiditi sign is accompanied by symptoms it is termed Chilaiditi syndrome. We present a case of a 41-year-old male who was involved in a motor vehicle accident 12 years prior and presented with a right diaphragmatic hernia and Chilaiditi syndrome. The patient presented with a 21-hour history of abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. A computed tomography scan of the chest and abdomen revealed the presence of Chilaiditi sign, wherein the large bowel was positioned above the liver, having herniated through a diaphragmatic defect. The patient subsequently underwent an exploratory laparotomy which confirmed an 8 x 4 cm right diaphragmatic defect. Primary repair was completed with intraperitoneal mesh. Diaphragmatic hernias pose diagnostic challenges due to their variable symptomatology and possible delayed onset. Consequently, the importance of including diaphragmatic hernia as part of the differential diagnoses for patients experiencing abdominal pain and/or difficulty breathing is highlighted by this case, especially for individuals with a distant record of trauma.

Keywords: abdominal pain; chilaiditi sign; chilaiditi syndrome; delayed presentation of diaphragmatic hernia; hernia; incarcerated liver; right-sided diaphragmatic hernia; trauma.

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