Effect of antenatal tetramethylpyrazine on lung development and YAP expression in rat model of experimental congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects and underlying mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on lung development using a rat model of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Nitrofen was used to induce CDH. Pregnant rats were divided into three groups: control, CDH, and CDH+TMP. In the CDH and CDH+TMP, fetuses only with left diaphragmatic hernias were chosen for analysis. Lung and body weight were recorded and lung histologic evaluations, image analysis, and western blot analysis of YAP, p-YAP and LATS1 were performed after lung processing. A markedly abnormal structure was observed, as evidenced by pulmonary hypoplasia and vascular remodeling, in the CHD. These abnormalities were improved in the CDH+TMP. There were significant differences between the CHD and CHD+TMP in percentage of medial wall thickness, arteriole muscularization, radial alveolar counts, AA%, and alveolar septal thickness. YAP expression was markedly increased in the CHD compared to the controls, which was not affected by antenatal TMP administration. However, prenatal TMP intervention significantly increased expression of LATS1 and phosphorylation of YAP in the CDH fetuses. Our results demonstrate that antenatal TMP administration improved vascular remodeling and promoted lung development in a rat model of CHD, potentially through increasing expression of LATS1 and phosphorylation of YAP.
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Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; YAP; tetramethylpyrazine (TMP)PMID: 32055276 PMCID: PMC7013374