. 2023 Jun 19;8(3):101-111.
doi: 10.1515/pp-2023-0013. eCollection 2023 Sep. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37662602/
Embryological, anatomical and clinical considerations on pleuroperitoneal communication
Free PMC article
The pleural and peritoneal cavity share many related features due to their common celomic origin. Normally these two spaces are completely separated with the development of the diaphragm. Defects in diaphragm morphogenesis may result in congenital diaphragmatic hernias, which is the most known form of communication between the pleural and peritoneal cavity. However, in several cases, findings of pleuroperitoneal communication (PPC) have been described in adults through an apparently intact diaphragm. In this comprehensive review we systematically evaluate clinical scenarios of this form of “unexpected” PPC as reported in the literature and focus on the possible mechanisms involved.
Keywords: communication; peritoneum; pleura; pleuroperitoneal; review.
© 2023 the author(s), published by De Gruyter, Berlin/Boston.