. 2023 Aug 26;S1875-9572(23)00133-X.
doi: 10.1016/j.pedneo.2023.04.012. Online ahead of print. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37684160/
Evaluation of brain development and damage using magnetic resonance imaging of congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors: An analysis using the global brain abnormality score
- PMID: 37684160
- DOI: 10.1016/j.pedneo.2023.04.012
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Background: The short-term prognosis of central nervous system in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors has been determined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), but its relationship with acute management is unclear. We aimed to investigate the association between the intubation period and the Global Brain Abnormality Score (GBAS) in CDH survivors using brain MRI.
Methods: Fifty-seven patients with CDH who were hospitalized at a single NICU between January 2004 and December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. After excluding 5 patients who died shortly after birth and two who could not be weaned from the ventilator, the acute management of the 50 remaining patients was investigated. We also investigated the relationship between the GBAS and intubation period in 25 patients who underwent brain MRI at discharge.
Results: The long-intubation group (intubation ≥12 days) had lower Apgar scores and fetal lung-thoracic ratios, and longer time to radical surgery, and parenteral nutrition and tube feeding periods. Nitric oxide inhalation, liver prolapse, patch closure, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation were independent risk factors for long-intubation. Eighty-four percent of CDH survivors had some imaging abnormalities, including developmental and signaling abnormalities. In the long-intubation group, the body of the corpus callosum was thin and the cerebral hemispheric space was widened, and GBAS deterioration was significantly related to the intubation period.
Conclusion: Brain MRI abnormalities were found in 84% of CDH survivors. Prolonged intubation is associated with worsening of the GBAS. Thus, the duration of intubation may be a surrogate outcome for the neurological prognosis of CDH survivors.
Keywords: brain abnormality; brain development; congenitaldiaphragmatic hernia; extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; magnetic resonance imaging.
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