. 2023 Oct 8.
doi: 10.1002/pd.6449. Online ahead of print. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37807606/
Fetal lung volumes measured by MRI predict pulmonary morbidity among infants with giant omphaloceles
Lauren T Gallagher 1, Bailey D Lyttle 1, Mariana L Meyers 2 3, Jason Gien 2 4, Michael V Zaretsky 2 5, Henry L Galan 2 5, Nicholas Behrendt 2 5, Kenneth W Liechty 1 2 6 7, Sarkis Christopher Derderian 1 2 6
- PMID: 37807606
- DOI: 10.1002/pd.6449
Objective: Giant omphaloceles (GO) have associated pulmonary hypoplasia and respiratory complications. Total lung volumes (TLV) on fetal MRI can prognosticate congenital diaphragmatic hernia outcomes; however, its applicability to GO is unknown. We hypothesize that late gestation TLV and observed-to-expected TLV (O/E TLV) on fetal MRI correlate with postnatal pulmonary morbidity in GO.
Method: A single-institution retrospective review of GO evaluated between 2012 and 2022 was performed. Fetal MRI TLV between 32 and 36 weeks’ gestation and O/E TLV throughout gestation were calculated and correlated with postnatal outcomes.
Results: 86 fetuses with omphaloceles were evaluated; however, only 26 met strict inclusion criteria. MRIs occurred between 18 and 36 weeks’ gestation. Those requiring delivery room intubation had significantly lower late gestation TLV and O/E TLV. O/E TLV predicted tracheostomy placement and survival. Neither TLV nor O/E TLV predicted the length of hospitalization or supplemental oxygen after discharge. Three fetuses had a TLV less than 35 mL: one died of respiratory failure, and the other two required tracheostomy.
Conclusions: Fetal MRI TLV measured between 32 and 36 weeks’ gestation and O/E TLV predict the need for delivery room intubation and tracheostomy. O/E TLV correlated with survival. These data support fetal MRI as a prognostic tool to predict GO associated pulmonary morbidity.
© 2023 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.