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Research: Image-based prenatal predictors of postnatal survival, extracorporeal life support, and defect size in right congenital diaphragmatic hernia

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Research: Image-based prenatal predictors of postnatal survival, extracorporeal life support, and defect size in right congenital diaphragmatic hernia

J Perinatol

. 2022 Aug 3.

 doi: 10.1038/s41372-022-01470-x. Online ahead of print. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35922665/

Image-based prenatal predictors of postnatal survival, extracorporeal life support, and defect size in right congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Enrico Danzer 1Valerie Y Chock 2Sukyung Chung 3Caroline Y Noh 2Pamela A Lally 4Matthew T Harting 4Kevin P Lally 4Erin E Perrone 5Ashley H Ebanks 4Krisa P van Meurs 2Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group

Collaborators, Affiliations expand

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association between prenatal ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics in right congenital diaphragmatic hernia (RCDH) with postnatal outcome.

Study design: CDH Study Group data were reviewed for all RCDH infants (n = 156) born between 2015 and 2019. Prenatal US and MRI lung size measurements were correlated with survival, extracorporeal life support (ECLS), and defect size.

Result: Overall survival was 64.1%. ECLS was required in 40.4%. US and MRI-based prenatal assessment of pulmonary hypoplasia does not predict survival. Prenatal measurement of lung size using either US or MRI correlates with ECLS use. Only MRI-based measures of lung size are associated with defect size.

Conclusion: Image-based prenatal predictors of survival, ECLS, and defect size are of limited value in RCDH. Extrapolation of prenatal survival and morbidity indicators from left to right-sided CDH is not appropriate. There is an urgent need to develop RCDH prenatal prediction models.

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