. 2023 Oct 27;36(11):doad037.
doi: 10.1093/dote/doad037. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37259637/
Laparoscopic reconstruction in McKeown esophagectomy is a risk factor for postoperative diaphragmatic hernia
- PMID: 37259637
- DOI: 10.1093/dote/doad037
Diaphragmatic hernia is a very rare but high-risk complication after esophagectomy. Although there are many studies on the Ivor Lewis esophagectomy procedure for diaphragmatic hernia, there are fewer studies on the McKeown procedure. The present study aimed to estimate the incidence of diaphragmatic hernia after esophagectomy, describing its presentation and management with the McKeown procedure. We retrospectively evaluated the 622 patients who underwent radical esophagectomy between January 2002 and December 2020 at the Wakayama Medical University Hospital. Statistical analyses were performed to evaluate risk factors for diaphragmatic hernia. Emergency surgery for postoperative diaphragmatic hernia was performed in nine of 622 patients (1.45%). Of these nine patients, one developed prolapse of the small intestine into the mediastinum (11.1%). The other eight patients underwent posterior mediastinal route reconstructions (88.9%), one of whom developed prolapse of the gastric conduit, and seven of whom developed transverse colon via the diaphragmatic hiatus. Laparoscopic surgery was identified in multivariate analysis as the only independent risk factor for diaphragmatic hernia (odd’s ratio [OR] = 9.802, p = 0.034). In all seven cases of transverse colon prolapse into the thoracic cavity, the prolapsed organ had herniated from the left anterior part of gastric conduit. Laparoscopic surgery for esophageal cancer is a risk factor for diaphragmatic hernia. The left anterior surface of gastric conduit and diaphragmatic hiatus should be fixed firmly without compromising blood flow to the gastric conduit.
Keywords: diaphragmatic hernia; esophagectomy; laparoscopy; minimally invasive surgery; risk factor.
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