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Research: Late presentation of congenital type IV esophageal hiatus hernia in a 9-year-old boy: a case report

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Research: Late presentation of congenital type IV esophageal hiatus hernia in a 9-year-old boy: a case report

J Med Case Rep

. 2022 Mar 15;16(1):104. doi: 10.1186/s13256-022-03331-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35287701/

Late presentation of congenital type IV esophageal hiatus hernia in a 9-year-old boy: a case report

Marjan Tariverdi 1Zahra Ghaeini Hesarooeyeh 2Elham Khalili 3 4Saeedeh Majidi 5Maria Rezazadeh 1Affiliations expand

Abstract

Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia affects 1 in every 2000-5000 live births. The mediastinum shifts to the opposite side, the lungs are hypoplastic, and the arterioles are abnormal, resulting in pulmonary hypertension. Respiratory and cardiovascular functions are severely impaired at birth, resulting in significant mortality and morbidity as a result of the associated malformations.

Case presentation: A 9-year-old persian boy was referred with complaint of intermittent abdominal pain in the left lower quadrant and an episode of vomiting. The patient was tachypneic, and the abdomen was nontender on examination. Lung sounds on the left side were considerably decreased, whereas heart sounds on the right side were louder. There was no history of underlying disease in the patient. Initial laboratory blood tests, chest x-ray, spiral computed tomography scan, and chest sonography were requested. Blood tests were normal, and chest x-ray revealed a round-shaped lesion with relatively clear boundaries containing air-fluid level and shift of the heart and mediastinum to the right. A spiral computed tomography scan of the lungs demonstrated the shift of the heart and mediastinum to the right side was due to dilated stomach and colon pressure, and chest sonography revealed that half of the stomach was inside the thorax. Laparotomy surgery was performed. The patient had no complications following surgery.

Conclusions: Herniation of abdominal contents through the diaphragmatic hiatus should be suspected in patients with tachypnea and mediastinal shift to the right side. Rapid diagnosis and early surgical treatment are necessary to avert any potentially life-threatening complications.

Keywords: Case report; Children; Congenital; Type IV hiatal hernia.

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