Research: Mechanical ventilation in special populations

Semin Perinatol

. 2024 Mar;48(2):151888.

 doi: 10.1016/j.semperi.2024.151888. Epub 2024 Mar 26.

Mechanical ventilation in special populations

Hyayan Zhang 1Martin Keszler 2

Affiliations expand


Optimal respiratory support can only be achieved if the ventilator strategy utilized for each individual patient at any given point in the evolution of their disease process is tailored to the underlying pathophysiology. The critically ill newborn infant requires individualized patient care when it comes to mechanical ventilation. This can only occur if the clinician has a good understanding of the different pathophysiologies of a variety of conditions that can lead to respiratory failure. In this chapter we describe the key pathophysiological features of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, meconium aspiration syndrome and lung hypoplasia syndromes with emphasis on congenital diaphragmatic hernia. We review available evidence to guide management an provide specific recommendations for pathophysiologically-based mechanical ventilation support.

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