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Research: Parent-Reported Perceived Cognitive Functioning Identifies Cognitive Problems in Children Who Survived Neonatal Critical Illness

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Research: Parent-Reported Perceived Cognitive Functioning Identifies Cognitive Problems in Children Who Survived Neonatal Critical Illness

Children (Basel)

. 2022 Jun 16;9(6):900.

 doi: 10.3390/children9060900. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35740837/

Parent-Reported Perceived Cognitive Functioning Identifies Cognitive Problems in Children Who Survived Neonatal Critical Illness

Yerel Ilik 1Hanneke IJsselstijn 1Saskia J Gischler 1Annabel van Gils-Frijters 1 2Johannes M Schnater 1Andre B Rietman 1 2

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Free PMC article

Abstract

Children with congenital anatomical foregut anomalies and children treated with neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are at risk for neurocognitive morbidities. We evaluated the association between the parent-reported pediatric perceived cognitive functioning (PedsPCF) questionnaire and the parent-reported behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF) as well as neuropsychological assessments (NPA). We included 8-, 12- and 17-year-old participants who had joined a prospective follow-up program between 2017 and 2019. Self- and parental proxy-reported PedsPCF and proxy-reported BRIEF scores and their mutual association were evaluated. In total, 168 participants were included. Self- and proxy-reported PedsPCF scores were significantly below normal (mean (SD) z-score: -0.35 (0.88), p < 0.001; -0.36 (1.06), p < 0.001, respectively). Total BRIEF scores were significantly above normal (mean (SD) z-score 0.33 (0.98), p < 0.001). Proxy-reported PedsPCF scores and the Metacognition Index subscores of the BRIEF correlated strongly (τ = 0.551, p < 0.001). Self-reported PedsPCF scores were not associated with NPA test scores. Proxy-reported PedsPCF scores were positively associated with multiple NPA test scores, especially intelligence (R2 = 0.141). The proxy-reported PedsPCF revealed cognitive problems more often than the BRIEF in school-aged children who had survived neonatal critical illness. The proxy-reported PedsPCF may support clinical decision-making regarding the need for extensive neuropsychological assessments.

Keywords: BRIEF; PedsPCF; behavior rating inventory of executive function; congenital diaphragmatic hernia; esophageal atresia; executive functioning; neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; neuropsychological assessment; pediatric perceived cognitive functioning.

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