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RESEARCH: “Pathophysiological Mechanism of Extravasation via Umbilical Venous Catheters”

RESEARCH: “Pathophysiological Mechanism of Extravasation via Umbilical Venous Catheters”

A rare complication of umbilical venous catheter (UVC) insertion is the extravasation of the infusate into the peritoneal cavity. We report 3 cases of abdominal extravasation of parenteral nutrition (PN) fluid via UVCs. Two of these cases presented as “acute abdomen” which were assumed to be necrotizing enterocolitis clinically; however, during postmortem, PN ascites and liver necrosis were found. A further case is described in an infant with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

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