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Research: Radiological findings of partial expression pentalogy of Cantrell and other multiple congenital anomalies: A rare case report

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Research: Radiological findings of partial expression pentalogy of Cantrell and other multiple congenital anomalies: A rare case report

Radiol Case Rep

. 2022 Jun 28;17(9):3172-3178.

 doi: 10.1016/j.radcr.2022.05.083. eCollection 2022 Sep. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35801122/

Radiological findings of partial expression pentalogy of Cantrell and other multiple congenital anomalies: A rare case report

Ratih Sulistyowati 1Anggraini Dwi Sensusiati 2

Affiliations expand

Free PMC article

Abstract

Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare syndrome of anomalous malformation. In the present case, the syndrome was initially diagnosed as a complete pentad, including a supra-umbilical abdominal wall defect, a sternal defect, pericardial defects, an anterior diaphragmatic defect, and heart malformation. Diagnosis required several imaging modalities, including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this case report, we present an 8-month-old female patient with a thoracic wall defect with ectopia cordis and a bilateral cleft lip and palate. In addition, a head CT scan showed craniosynostosis, hypogenesis of the corpus callosum, and tonsillar cerebellar herniation. Thoracoabdominal CT revealed herniation of the transverse colon up to the subcutaneous layer, diaphragmatic hernia, atrial septal defects (ASD), ventral septal defects (VSD), and a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC). A multidisciplinary approach is required for the optimal management of this syndrome. We describe a female infant who presented with pentalogy of Cantrell syndrome and include the findings from postnatal CT imaging.

Keywords: Computed tomography scans; Congenital anomaly malformation; Ectopia cordis; Pediatric; Pentalogy of Cantrell.

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