Research: Right-sided strangulating diaphragmatic hernia in an adult without history of trauma: a case report

J Med Case Rep

. 2021 Jul 13;15(1):372. doi: 10.1186/s13256-021-02861-y.

Right-sided strangulating diaphragmatic hernia in an adult without history of trauma: a case report

Konstantinos G Spiridakis 1Mathaios E Flamourakis 2Ioannis G Gkionis 2Eleni I Kaloeidi 2Anthoula I Fachouridi 3Styliani E Konstantoulaki 2Eleni S Tsagkataki 2Michail I Giakoumakis 2Emmamouil A Vassilogiannakis 2Georgios E Kostakis 2Manousos S Christodoulakis 2Affiliations expand

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Background: Diaphragmatic hernia involves protrusion of abdominal contents into the thorax through a defect in the diaphragm. This defect can be caused either by developmental failure of the posterolateral foramina to fuse properly, or by traumatic injury of the diaphragm. Left-sided diaphragmatic hernias are more common (80-90%) because the right pleuroperitoneal canal closes earlier and the liver protects the right diaphragm. Diaphragmatic hernias in adults are relatively asymptomatic, but in some cases may lead to incarcerated bowel, intraabdominal organ dysfunction, or severe pulmonary disease. The aim of this report is to enlighten clinical doctors about this rare entity that can have fatal consequences for the patient.

Case presentation: We present a rare case of a right-sided strangulating diaphragmatic hernia in an adult Caucasian patient without history of trauma. Clinical examination revealed bowel sounds in the right hemithorax, which were confirmed by the presence of loops of small intestine into the right part of the thorax through the right diaphragm, as was shown on chest X-ray and computerized tomography. Deterioration of the clinical status of the patient led to an operation, which revealed strangulated necrotic small bowel. Approximately 1 m of bowel was removed, and laterolateral anastomosis was performed. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery and was discharged 8 days later.

Conclusions: Surgery is required to replace emerged organs into the abdomen and to repair diaphragmatic lesion. A delayed approach can have catastrophic complications for a patient.

Keywords: Adult; Complications; Diaphragmatic hernia; Right-sided diaphragmatic hernia.

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