Research: Right to left ventricular volume ratio is associated with mortality in congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Pediatr Res

. 2023 Jan 9.

 doi: 10.1038/s41390-022-02430-z. Online ahead of print.

Right to left ventricular volume ratio is associated with mortality in congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Katsuaki Toyoshima 1Tomoko Saito 2Tomoyuki Shimokaze 2Kaoru Katsumata 2Junya Ohmura 2Sasagu Kimura 2Hirosato Aoki 2Megumi Takahashi 2Jun Shibasaki 2Motoyoshi Kawataki 2Ki-Sung Kim 3Masato Shinkai 4Hiroshi Ishikawa 5Naka Saito 6Satoshi Masutani 7

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Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with high neonatal mortality. We performed this study to test the hypothesis that left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) volumes assessed by three-dimensional echocardiography may be associated with mortality in CDH.

Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective cohort study involving 35 infants with CDH. RV and LV end-diastolic volume (RVEDV and LVEDV, respectively) were measured by three-dimensional echocardiography and were corrected by birth body weight (BBW) on day 1. RVEDV/BBW, LVEDV/BBW, and LVEDV/RVEDV were compared between CDH survivors and non-survivors. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to assess the predictive ability for mortality of the echocardiographic parameters.

Results: Comparing CDH non-survivors (n = 6) with survivors (n = 29), respectively, RVEDV/BBW was significantly larger (2.54 ± 0.33 vs 1.86 ± 0.35 ml/kg; P < 0.01), LVEDV/BBW was significantly smaller (0.86 ± 0.21 vs 1.22 ± 0.33 ml/kg; P < 0.001), and LVEDV/RVEDV was significantly lower (0.34 ± 0.06 vs 0.66 ± 0.18; P < 0.001). The area under the curve for LVEDV/RVEDV was the largest (0.98).

Conclusions: Three-dimensional echocardiographic volume imbalance between the RV and LV was remarkable in CDH non-survivors. The LVEDV/RVEDV ratio may be associated with mortality in CDH.

Impact: Mortality with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is high, and evaluating left and right ventricular structures and functions may be helpful in assessing the prognosis. Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography indicated that the left ventricular end-diastolic volume/right ventricular end-diastolic volume ratio within 24 h after birth was associated with mortality in CDH infants. The usefulness of this ratio should be validated in prospective multicenter studies involving larger numbers of patients.

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