. 2023 Jun 6;1-7.
doi: 10.1159/000530573. Online ahead of print. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37279703/
Sedation Prior to Intubation at Birth in Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: An International Survey on Current Practices
- PMID: 37279703
- DOI: 10.1159/000530573
Introduction: Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are commonly intubated immediately after birth. Consensus on whether to provide sedation prior to intubation in the delivery room is lacking, although avoidance of stress is especially important in this population with high risk of pulmonary hypertension. We aimed at obtaining an overview of local pharmacological interventions and at providing guidance on delivery room management.
Methods: An electronic survey was sent to international clinicians in referral centres for prenatal and postnatally diagnosed infants with CDH. This survey addressed demographic information, use of sedation and/or muscle relaxant prior to intubation, and use of pain scales in the delivery room.
Results: We received 93 relevant responses from 59 centres. Most centres were from Europe (n = 33, 56%), followed by North America (n = 16, 27%), Asia (n = 6, 10%), Australia (n = 2, 3%), and South America (n = 2, 3%). A total of 19% (11/59) of the centres routinely provided sedation prior to intubation in the delivery room, with midazolam and fentanyl being most often used. Methods of administration varied for all medications provided. Only 5 of 11 centres using sedation reported an adequate sedative effect prior to intubation. Muscle relaxants prior to intubation were used in 12% (7/59) of the centres, although not always in combination with sedation.
Conclusion: This international survey shows a substantial variation in sedation practices in the delivery room and scarce use of both sedative agents and muscle relaxants prior to intubation of CDH infants. We provide guidance on developing protocols for pre-intubation medication in this population.
Keywords: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Delivery room; Intubation; Sedation; Survey.
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.