J Pediatr Surg
. 2023 Sep 27:S0022-3468(23)00577-8.
doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2023.09.039. Online ahead of print. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37914590/
The Impact of Comprehensive Fetal Care on Mortality of Children With Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia when Delivery is Co-located in a Pediatric Hospital
- PMID: 37914590
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2023.09.039
Background: We evaluated the impact of delivery at a comprehensive fetal care center co-located in a pediatric hospital on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) exposure and survivorship of children with CDH.
Methods: This retrospective study includes maternal-fetal dyads with a prenatal diagnosis of isolated CDH who received any prenatal care at a single fetal center between February 2006 and March 2021. The principal variables included: (1) delivery setting (children born in the pediatric hospital [“inborn”] vs. children who were delivered elsewhere [“outborn”]), (2) exposure to ECMO (yes vs. no), and (3) survival-at-discharge from birth hospitalization (yes vs. no). Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between delivery setting and ECMO cannulation, and whether delivery setting moderates the association between exposure to ECMO and survival-at-discharge.
Results: Among 418 maternal-fetal dyads, 77.0% of children were inborn and 32.0% of children were exposed to ECMO during their index hospitalization. Inborn children had more severe prenatal prognostic indicators but had a 57% lower odds of extracorporeal than outborn children. In multivariable logistic regression, delivery setting moderated the association between exposure to ECMO and survival-at-discharge. Although there was no statistically significant difference in mortality between inborn and outborn children who were not exposed to ECMO, inborn children exposed to ECMO had a 6.86 (1.98, 23.74) increased odds of death and outborn children exposed to ECMO had a 17.71 (4.69, 66.87) increased odds of death when both were compared to non-cannulated outborn children.
Conclusions: Comprehensive fetal care with delivery co-located in a pediatric hospital was associated with decreased exposure to ECMO and a survivorship advantage among children with CDH who required extracorporeal support.
Level of evidence: Level III.
Keywords: Congenital diaphragmic hernia; Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; High-volume center; Multidisciplinary team.
Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier Inc.