Research: Upside-down stomach in paraesophageal hernia: A case report

Medicine (Baltimore)

. 2023 Dec 22;102(51):e36734.

 doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000036734.

Upside-down stomach in paraesophageal hernia: A case report

Xiuliang Zhu 1Chengyu Hu 2Weihua Gong 3

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Free PMC article


Rationale: Paraesophageal hernias, accounting for a mere 5% to 10% of all hiatal hernias, occasionally present an exceedingly uncommon yet gravely consequential complication characterized by the inversion of the stomach. Delving into the clinical manifestations and optimal therapeutic approaches for patients afflicted by this condition merits substantial exploration.

Patient concerns: A 60-year-old man was referred to our hospital with acute onset of severe epigastric pain, abdominal distension, and vomiting. A chest radiograph unveiled an elevated left diaphragmatic dome accompanied by a pronounced rightward shift of the mediastinum. Subsequent abdominal computed tomography imaging delineated the migration of the stomach, spleen, and colon into the left hemithorax, facilitated by a significant diaphragmatic defect.

Diagnoses: The diagnosis of a giant paraesophageal hernia with complete gastric inversion was established through a comprehensive evaluation of the patient’s clinical manifestations and imaging findings.

Interventions: Surgical intervention was performed on the patient. During the procedure, a left diaphragmatic defect measuring approximately 10 × 8 cm was identified and meticulously repositioned, followed by the repair of the diaphragmatic hernia. The herniated contents comprised the pancreas, stomach, spleen, a segment of the colon, and a portion of the greater omentum.

Outcomes: The patient experienced a smooth postoperative recuperation and was discharged 12 days following the surgical procedure. Subsequently, during a 7-month follow-up period, the patient continued to exhibit favorable progress and recovery.

Lessons: Paraesophageal hernias are rare, and the presence of an inverted stomach in a giant paraesophageal hernia is exceptionally uncommon. Clinical presentation lacks distinct features and can lead to misdiagnosis. This case emphasizes the importance of timely surgical intervention guided by imaging, offering valuable clinical insights.

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