. 2021 Jan 26;26(3):645. doi: 10.3390/molecules26030645. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33530644/
Volatile Organic Compounds, Bacterial Airway Microbiome, Spirometry and Exercise Performance of Patients after Surgical Repair of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
Gert Warncke 1, Georg Singer 1, Jana Windhaber 1, Lukas Schabl 1, Elena Friehs 1, Wolfram Miekisch 2, Peter Gierschner 2, Ingeborg Klymiuk 3, Ernst Eber 4, Katarina Zeder 4, Andreas Pfleger 4, Beate Obermüller 1, Holger Till 1, Christoph Castellani 1Affiliations expand
Free PMC articleFull text linksCiteAbstractPubMedPMID
The aim of this study was to analyze the exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) profile, airway microbiome, lung function and exercise performance in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients compared to healthy age and sex-matched controls. A total of nine patients (median age 9 years, range 6-13 years) treated for CDH were included. Exhaled VOCs were measured by GC-MS. Airway microbiome was determined from deep induced sputum by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Patients underwent conventional spirometry and exhausting bicycle spiroergometry. The exhaled VOC profile showed significantly higher levels of cyclohexane and significantly lower levels of acetone and 2-methylbutane in CDH patients. Microbiome analysis revealed no significant differences for alpha-diversity, beta-diversity and LefSe analysis. CDH patients had significantly lower relative abundances of Pasteurellales and Pasteurellaceae. CDH patients exhibited a significantly reduced Tiffeneau Index. Spiroergometry showed no significant differences. This is the first study to report the VOCs profile and airway microbiome in patients with CDH. Elevations of cyclohexane observed in the CDH group have also been reported in cases of lung cancer and pneumonia. CDH patients had no signs of impaired physical performance capacity, fueling controversial reports in the literature.
Keywords: CDH; VOCs; microbiome; outcome; spiroergometry.