Research:Imaging in neonatal respiratory disease

Paediatr Respir Rev

. 2021 Dec 23;S1526-0542(21)00112-3. doi: 10.1016/j.prrv.2021.12.002. Online ahead of print.

Imaging in neonatal respiratory disease

E B Hysinger 1N S Higano 2P J Critser 2J C Woods 2Affiliations expand


The purpose of this review is to describe the current state of the art in clinical imaging for NICU patients, divided into major areas that correspond to likely phenotypes of neonatal respiratory disease: airway abnormalities, parenchymal disease, and pulmonary vascular disease. All common imaging modalities (ultrasound, X-ray, CT, and MRI) are discussed, with an emphasis on modalities that are most relevant to the individual underlying aspects of disease. Some promising aspects of dynamic and functional imaging are included, where there may be future clinical applicability.

Keywords: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia; Computed tomography; Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Magnetic resonance imaging; Neonatal pulmonary medicine; Pulmonary hypertension; Subglottic stenosis; Tracheomalacia.

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