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Research: Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia With Kidney and Spleen Herniation in the United Arab Emirates: A Case Report

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Research: Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia With Kidney and Spleen Herniation in the United Arab Emirates: A Case Report

Cureus

. 2022 Jul 11;14(7):e26732.

 doi: 10.7759/cureus.26732. eCollection 2022 Jul. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35967164/

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia With Kidney and Spleen Herniation in the United Arab Emirates: A Case Report

Anas Zahid 1Faisal A Nawaz 1Ruthwik Duvuru 1Yousef S Alabrach 2Aftab Ahmed 3

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Abstract

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a severe congenital anomaly that leads to herniation of abdominal viscera to the chest, which presents with respiratory distress shortly after birth. Spleen herniation is a rare finding, and kidney herniation is even more exceedingly rare. We hereby report a case of a neonate that developed severe respiratory distress secondary to CDH. After confirming the diagnosis with chest and abdominal X-ray and initial stabilization, the patient underwent laparotomy, which revealed a large diaphragmatic defect with herniation of the ileum, colon, spleen, and left kidney. Contents were reduced to the abdomen, and the defect was repaired. The patient had a complete recovery with no complications. After reviewing the literature, we noticed the paucity of data in the Middle East region regarding the disease burden and the increased rate of complications with delayed diagnosis. Therefore, we believe that this case, which was presented in the United Arab Emirates with kidney and spleen herniation and received prompt management, is a valuable addition to the literature.

Keywords: bochdaleck hernia; congenital diaphragmatic hernia; hypoplastic lung; intrathoracic kidney; kidney herniation; laparotomy; middle-east; newborn; respiratory distress.

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