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Research: Evaluation of complex congenital heart disease with prospective ECG-gated cardiac CT in a single heartbeat at low tube voltage (70 kV) and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction in infants: a single center experience

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Research: Evaluation of complex congenital heart disease with prospective ECG-gated cardiac CT in a single heartbeat at low tube voltage (70 kV) and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction in infants: a single center experience

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging

. 2021 Sep 6. doi: 10.1007/s10554-021-02390-1. Online ahead of print. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34487310/

Evaluation of complex congenital heart disease with prospective ECG-gated cardiac CT in a single heartbeat at low tube voltage (70 kV) and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction in infants: a single center experience

Serap Baş 1Utku Alkara 2Bahruz Aliyev 3Affiliations expand

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the radiation dose, image quality, and diagnostic accuracy of prospective ECG-gated cardiac CT at 70 kV and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR), with a single source, 512 slice MDCT in the diagnosis of complex congenital heart disease in infants. We retrospectively evaluated 47 infants (ages 1 day to 353 days) with prospective ECG-gated cardiac CT that was performed on a single source 512 slice CT at low tube voltage (70 kV) using a wide detector aperture, adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction algorithm (ASIR), and specific reconstruction software reducing coronary motion artifacts (SnapShot Freeze). All cardiac images were obtained during the first pass of contrast material through the anatomic structures of interest and the targets for the center of the acquisition window were set 45% of the R-R interval during one cardiac cycle without sedation and breath-hold. The median effective dose measured in our study was 0.64 ± 0.16 mSv. The average subjective overall image quality score was 4.34 ± 0.31 (range 3-5). For the determination of objective image quality, Mean Noise (HU), SNR, and CNR values ​​emerged as 20.8, 28.7(for pulmonary artery), and 27.1, respectively. Diagnostic accuracy was 100% for the main purposes for the main clinical indication. During cardiac CT examination, pathologies in addition to cardiac anomalies were found in 9/47 of cases (7 severe airway obstructions,1 posterior diaphragmatic hernia, 1 vertebral anomaly). Prospective ECG-gated cardiac CT scan at 70 kV and ASIR in infants with complex CHD provides low radiation dose (submillisievert) in a single heartbeat with a good objective and subjective image quality. It also provides important benefits in the diagnosis of additional pathology.

Keywords: Cardiac CT; Complex congenital heart disease; Infants; Low-tube voltage; Prospective ECG-gated.

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