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Research: Impact of haemolysis on vancomycin disposition in a full-term neonate treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

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Research: Impact of haemolysis on vancomycin disposition in a full-term neonate treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Perfusion

. 2020 Nov 17;267659120973595. doi: 10.1177/0267659120973595. Online ahead of print. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33200670/

Impact of haemolysis on vancomycin disposition in a full-term neonate treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Pavla Pokorná 1 2 3Martin Šíma 1Dick Tibboel 2 3Ondřej Slanař 1Affiliations expand

Abstract

Introduction: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a lifesaving support technology for potentially reversible neonatal cardiac and/or respiratory failure. Pharmacological consequences of ECMO-induced haemolysis in neonates are not well understood.

Case report: We report a case report of a full-term neonate treated for congenital diaphragmatic hernia and sepsis with ECMO and with vancomycin. While the population elimination half-life of 7 h was estimated, fitting of the simulated population pharmacokinetic profile to truly observed drug concentration points resulted in the personalized value of 41 h.

Discussion: The neonate developed ECMO-induced haemolysis with subsequent acute kidney injury resulting in prolonged drug elimination. Whole blood/serum ratio of 0.79 excluded possibility of direct increase of vancomycin serum concentration during haemolysis.

Conclusion: Vancomycin elimination may be severely prolonged due to ECMO-induced haemolysis and acute kidney injury, while hypothesis of direct increase of vancomycin levels by releasing the drug from blood cells during haemolysis has been disproved.

Keywords: ECMO; acute kidney injury; haemolysis; neonate; pharmacokinetics; vancomycin

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