. 2021 Apr 5. doi: 10.1002/pd.5949. Online ahead of print.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33817814/
Inter-rater agreement for sonographic stomach position classification in fetal diaphragmatic hernia across the North American Fetal Therapy Network (NAFTNet)
Nimrah Abbasi 1, Greg Ryan 1, Rodrigo Ruano 2, Magda Sanz Cortes 3, Xiang Y Ye 4, Prakesh S Shah 4 5, Roy Filly 6 7, Alexandra Benachi 8 9, Anthony Johnson 10, NAFTNetAffiliations expand
- PMID: 33817814
- DOI: 10.1002/pd.5949
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Objective: To evaluate inter-rater agreement for sonographic classification of stomach position (as a surrogate for liver herniation) in fetal left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (LCDH) among: (i) fetal medicine specialists from the North American Fetal Therapy Network (NAFTNet) centres within and without the Fetal Endoscopic Tracheal Occlusion (FETO) consortium and in comparison to an expert external reviewer (ER1); and (iii) among two expert ERs (ER1 and ER2).
Methods: Forty-eight physicians from 26 NAFTNet centers and 2 ERs were asked to assess 13 sonographic clips of isolated LCDH and classify stomach position as “intra-abdominal”, “anterior left chest”, “mid to posterior left chest” or “retro-cardiac”. Inter-rater agreement was assessed by determining proportion of stomach position ratings concordant amongst NAFTNet participants and ER 1. Agreement for stomach position between ERs was calculated using kappa statistics.
Results: Agreement for stomach position was 69% (39-85%; n=19) and 54% (23-92%; n=29) among FETO and non-FETO NAFTNet participants respectively, when compared to ER1. Most disagreement in stomach position was related to a discrepancy of one position. ERs were in agreement for stomach position in 5/13 cases (38.5%) and inter-rater agreement was highest for “anterior” position.
Conclusion: Inter-rater agreement for stomach position assessment in CDH was poor across NAFTNet and indeed amongst expert reviewers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH); accuracy; inter-rater agreement; liver herniation; sonographic prognostication; stomach position.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.