Research: Preliminary study on the predictive value of the vasoactive-inotropic score for the prognosis of neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia

BMC Surg. 2023 Mar 29;23(1):69. doi: 10.1186/s12893-023-01970-3.

Chao Liu 1Jingna Li 2Yandong Wei 1Ying Wang 1Hui Zhang 2Lishuang Ma 3

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Background: No study has reported on the relationship between the vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) and the prognosis of neonates with a severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). This study aimed to identify potential risk factors for mortality in patients with CDH. We calculated the VIS based on the vasoactive drugs used during the perioperative period to investigate the relationship between VIS and infant prognosis.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 75 neonates with CDH who were treated at our center between January 2016 and October 2021. We calculated the maximum and mean VIS during the first 24 h of hospitalization (hosVIS [24max] and hosVIS [24mean], respectively) and after surgery (postVIS [24max] and postVIS [24mean], respectively). The relationship between the VIS and the prognosis of neonates with CDH was analyzed using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, t-test, chi-square test, rank-sum test, and logistic regression analysis.

Results: In total, 75 participants with CDH were included in the study. The chance of survival was 80%. Our results showed that hosVIS (24max) was an accurate predictor of prognosis (area under the ROC curve = 0.925, p = 0.007). The calculated optimal critical value of hosVIS (24max) for predicting a poor prognosis was 17 (J = 0.75). Multivariate analysis revealed that hosVIS (24max) was an independent risk factor for death in neonates with CDH.

Conclusion: In neonates with CDH, a higher VIS, especially hosVIS (24max), suggests worsened cardiac function, a more severe condition, and a higher risk of death. The rising VIS score in infants prompts physicians to implement more aggressive treatment to improve cardiovascular function.

Keywords: Diaphragm; Hernia; Neonate; Prognosis; Vasoactive-inotropic score.

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