. 2023 Nov 4.
doi: 10.1007/s13304-023-01677-3. Online ahead of print. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37924436/
The surgical treatment of Morgagni hernias in adults: a systematic review for the standardization of laparoscopic surgical repair
- PMID: 37924436
- DOI: 10.1007/s13304-023-01677-3
A Morgagni hernia is a congenital diaphragmatic hernia that is rarely diagnosed in adults, and the technique for its repair has not yet been standardized. This review will give an overview of the different laparoscopic methods reported by other authors, highlighting the key points indicating a good repair to help standardize the technique. A systematic review of the available articles on PubMed was conducted according to PRISMA 2020 by two authors independently in May 2022. Only articles written in English were included. A total of 180 case reports of laparoscopic Morgagni’s hernia repair procedures were found; direct repair was performed in 59 patients, mesh was used in 119 patients, and mesh was not used in 2 patients. The hernia sac was removed in 71 patients, and the defect was closed before mesh placement in 49 patients. Nonabsorbable, dual or biologic mesh was used. The mean operative time was 92.65 min for direct repair and 84.11 min for mesh repair. One recurrence was reported in the direct repair series. The optimal method of repair has not yet been identified. The laparoscopic approach is associated to fewer complications and facilitates a faster recovery than the open approach. Several manoeuvres have been reported to help surgeons, who are not trained in laparoscopic knotting, perform extracorporeal knotting. Mesh should be placed when tension is too high after a direct repair or when primary closure cannot be achieved.
Keywords: Adults; Laparoscopic repair; Morgagni hernia.
© 2023. Crown.