Research: Thoracoscopic Repair by Simplified Mattress Sutures for Diaphragmatic Hernia in the Neonate When No Posterolateral Diaphragmatic Rim Exists.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2019 May;29(5):710-713. doi: 10.1089/lap.2018.0370.

Thoracoscopic Repair by Simplified Mattress Sutures for Diaphragmatic Hernia in the Neonate When No Posterolateral Diaphragmatic Rim Exists.

Li B1Li ST2Chen WB1Xia SL1Zhang FN1Sun CX1.

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Purpose: The aim of this retrospective study is to describe our initial experience by using new simplified mattress sutures with syringe needle for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in neonates when no posterolateral rim of diaphragm exists. Methods: A retrospective review of the new simplified technique in 15 cases from February 2015 to February 2018 at a single institution was performed. In the procedure, two to three primary suture sites were taken from the relative intercostal region of the body surface. Two 2-0 nonabsorbable sutures around the rib were inserted between the anterior rim of the defect and the relative rib through a syringe needle. Knot tying was made extracorporally and the knots were under the skin of intercostals space. Results: Among the patients, 9 were male and 6 were female. The age was 10 minutes-1 day when admitted, 10 were term newborns, and 5 were premature. The mean operative time was 37.5 minutes (range, 25-60 minutes) for each CDH repair. No cases required conversion to open surgery, blood loss was minimal. The mean follow-up duration was 18.5 months (range 3-27 months), with no deaths, and no single case of recurrence. Conclusion: We have found this simple technique to be a useful adjunct in the thoracoscopic management of selected cases with CDH. It has the advantages of reduced operative time, simplicity, and feasibility and has the value of clinical popularization.


congenital diaphragmatic hernia; neonate; syringe needle; thoracoscopy

PMID: 31067209 DOI: 10.1089/lap.2018.0370

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