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Research: Which Is the Better Approach for Late-Presenting Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Laparoscopic or Thoracoscopic? A Single Institution’s Experience of more than 10 Years

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Research: Which Is the Better Approach for Late-Presenting Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Laparoscopic or Thoracoscopic? A Single Institution’s Experience of more than 10 Years

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A

. 2020 Jul 21. doi: 10.1089/lap.2019.0162. Online ahead of print. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32716256/

Which Is the Better Approach for Late-Presenting Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Laparoscopic or Thoracoscopic? A Single Institution’s Experience of more than 10 Years

Satoshi Obata 1Ryota Souzaki 1Atsuhisa Fukuta 1Genshiro Esumi 1Kouji Nagata 1Toshiharu Matsuura 1Satoshi Ieiri 2Tomoaki Taguchi 1Affiliations expand

Abstract

Aim: We evaluated a series of late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia (Late-CDH) cases and assessed the reliability and risks of laparoscopic and thoracoscopic approaches for Late-CDH at a single institution. Materials and Methods: From 2005 to 2017, we experienced totally 11 patients with Late-CDH who received endoscopic repairs. We retrospectively surveyed the approach, defect size, operating time, and postoperative outcomes, including recurrence. Results: Eleven patients (Bochdalek, n = 10; Morgagni, n = 1) underwent a total of 14 endoscopic repairs (laparoscopy, n = 10; thoracoscopy, n = 4). The average defect size was ∼3.1 × 1.5 cm. In all 14 endoscopic repairs, patients received intracorporeal interrupted nonabsorbable stitches and extracorporeal knot tying were applied, without the use of an artificial patch. In the laparoscopic repairs, 7 patients received left-handed suturing when closing the diaphragmatic defect, because the reduced viscera lay directly below the posterior rim of the diaphragmatic defect, making it difficult to confirm the rim. In contrast, in the thoracoscopic repairs, the viscera were reduced over the diaphragmatic defect, so the surgeons could easily perform suturing. The average operating time was 172 minutes for laparoscopy and 194 minutes for thoracoscopy. No major intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred in association with either of the approaches. Among the 11 patients, 2 experienced a total of 3 recurrences (all after laparoscopic repairs). Conclusion: Although there were few differences between the laparoscopic and thoracoscopic approaches, because of the technical difficulty of the procedure and the possibility of recurrence with the laparoscopic approach, a thoracoscopic approach may be better for the repair of Late-CDH.

Keywords: congenital diaphragmatic hernia; laparoscopic; late-presenting; recurrence; thoracoscopic.

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