RESEARCH: Late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia in children: a clinical spectrum

Articles dealing with late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in children published until 2003 were collectively reviewed. The main purpose of the presented study was to gain insight into the clinical spectrum of this variant of CDH and to discuss its clinical and surgical aspects. In 125 articles, 362 patients were reported. Left posterolateral hernia was the dominant anatomical type, found in 79.4% of the children. Male-to-female distribution was nearly 2:1 in both right- and left-sided CDH. Associated anomalies were noted in 8.6% of children. Sixty-five percent of children with right CDH presented within the 1st year of life, whereas only 41.7% of patients with left CDH belonged to this age group.

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